DevOps Roadmap: 15 Steps to Become a DevOps Expert

 To become a DevOps engineer in 15 steps, you can follow these steps:

1. Master at least one programming language.

DevOps engineers need to be able to automate tasks, integrate databases, and occasionally debug code, so it's important to have a working knowledge of at least one programming language. Some popular programming languages for DevOps include Python, Ruby, Java, and JavaScript.

Python, Perl,  C#, Java, JavaScript, Go, Python, Ruby, Rust, C, C++

2. Understand the basics of operating systems and networking.

DevOps engineers need to have a good understanding of how operating systems and networks work in order to troubleshoot problems and optimize performance. Some important concepts to learn include process management, memory management, file systems, and networking protocols.

  • OSs: Debian, Unix , SUSE Linux, Fedora, Ubuntu, CentOS, Windows , RHEL, macOS, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD
  • OS concepts: Startup management, Process management , Sockets , Front-end development, Threads and concurrency, I/O management , The POSIX basics, Virtualization , File systems , Memory & Storage, Service management , Networking 
  •  Networking security and protocols: HTTP, HTTPS , FTP, Firewalls, SSH, SSL/TTS, IPsec and VPNs , Port forwarding , AT-TLS, SNMP, OSFP authentication, Proxy access

3. Learn about Web servers.

Web servers are the computers that deliver web pages to your computer. When you type a web address into your browser, your browser sends a request to the web server for the page you want to see.

  • Some common web servers you can learn about are: Apache, Nginx, IIS, Tomcat, Caddy, Istio, Envoy, Consul, Linkerd

4. Get familiar with Continuous Integration/Continuous Delivery automation tools and practices.

DevOps engineers use a variety of automation tools to streamline and automate tasks. Some popular automation tools include Ansible, Puppet, Terraform, and Jenkins.

  • Here are some DevOps tools you need to know about: Docker, Containers, LXC, Configuration Management , Salt, Chef, Container Orchestration, Mesos Kubernetes, Docker Swarm, Nomad, Istio , Service Mesh, Linkerd, Consul Connet, Maesh, Kuma
  • Some of the CI/CD tools you can use to this end are: TravisCI, GitHub, GitLab, GitHub, Bamboo, Jenkins,The 2022 RoadMap For Backend Developer, TeamCity, Azure DevOps

5. Application monitoring.

Application monitoring is the process of tracking the performance, availability, and user experience of an application. It is an essential part of maintaining a high-quality application and ensuring that it meets the needs of its users.

  • Application monitoring tools collect data from a variety of sources, including: Application logs, Infrastructure metrics, User experience data.

Some of the most common types of application monitoring tools include:

  • Application performance monitoring (APM) tools provide deep visibility into the performance of an application, including its components, transactions, and dependencies.
  • Synthetic monitoring tools simulate user interactions with an application to identify performance bottlenecks and errors.
  • Real user monitoring (RUM) tools collect data from real users to measure the end-user experience of an application.
  • Log management tools collect, store, and analyze application logs to identify errors and security issues.

6. Infrastructure monitoring

Infrastructure monitoring is the process of collecting and analyzing data about the performance and health of IT systems and infrastructure. This includes servers, networks, storage, applications, and other components that are essential for business operations.

  • Some good tools for infrastructure monitoring are: Grafana, Prometheus, Zabbix , Nagios, Datadog.

7. Cloud designs pattern

Cloud design patterns are reusable solutions to common problems in cloud computing. They can help you design and build cloud-based applications that are reliable, scalable, secure, and efficient.

  • Some of the most important are: Event sourcing., Ambassador, CQRS, Gateway aggregation, Compute resource consolidation, External Config Store, Anti-corruption layer, Pipes and filters, Gateway Aggregation, Gateway offloading, Gateway routing, Sidecar.

8. Cloud providers and service packages 

Cloud providers offer a wide range of service packages to meet the needs of businesses of all sizes. Some of the most popular, like Google Cloud, AWS, Azure, Digital Ocean, Linode, and Alibaba cloud, are worth getting to know in-depth. 

9. Build a portfolio of DevOps projects.

One of the best ways to demonstrate your DevOps skills to potential employers is to build a portfolio of projects. You can do this by contributing to open source projects, building your own projects, or volunteering to help out other DevOps teams.

10. Network with other DevOps professionals.

Networking with other DevOps professionals is a great way to learn new things, find job opportunities, and build your reputation in the community. You can attend DevOps meetups and conferences, connect with people on LinkedIn, and follow DevOps blogs and podcasts.

11. Start your job search.

Once you have the necessary skills and experience, you can start your job search. Be sure to tailor your resume and cover letter to each job you apply for, and highlight your DevOps skills and experience.

12. Ace your DevOps job interview.

When you get a DevOps job interview, be prepared to answer questions about your skills, experience, and knowledge of DevOps principles and practices. You should also be able to articulate your understanding of the role and how you can contribute to the team.

13. Land your first DevOps job.

Congratulations, you landed your first DevOps job! Now it's time to start learning and growing in your new role. Be sure to ask questions, be willing to help out your teammates, and always be on the lookout for new ways to improve.

14. Continue your DevOps education.

The field of DevOps is constantly evolving, so it's important to continue your education and stay up-to-date on the latest trends and technologies. You can do this by reading books and articles, attending conferences and workshops, and taking online courses.

15. Build your DevOps career.

Once you have a few years of experience under your belt, you can start to think about advancing your DevOps career. You can do this by taking on more leadership responsibilities, mentoring junior DevOps engineers, and starting your own DevOps consulting business.

By following these steps, you can become a DevOps engineer/Experts in 15 steps. Just remember to be patient, persistent, and always be willing to learn.

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